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When she reached the sanctuary of Apollo in Argos, she confided in him her love and sorrow. Apollo then brought her to the rock of Leukas and asked her to throw herself from the top of the rock. When she sought for the reason behind this, Apollo told her that Zeus, before taking another lover, would sit on this rock to free himself from his love to Hera.
The name of Apollo’s mother Leto has Lydian origin, and she was worshipped on the coasts of Asia Minor. The inspiration oracular cult was probably introduced into Greece from Anatolia, which is the origin of Sibyl, and where some of the oldest oracular shrines originated. Omens, symbols, purifications, and exorcisms appear in old Assyro-Babylonian texts. These rituals were spread into the empire of the Hittites, and from there into Greece. Impacting lives and helping clients build a lifetime of financial security since 2012, Kurt spent most of his early years in St. Louis, Missouri. Kurt is the oldest child and has 2 younger sisters and 1 brother.
She displayed hubris when she boasted that she was superior to Leto because she had fourteen children , seven male and seven female, while Leto had only two. She further mocked Apollo’s effeminate appearance and Artemis’ manly appearance. Leto, insulted by this, told her children to punish Niobe. Accordingly, Apollo killed Niobe’s sons, and Artemis her daughters.
The temples should be canonic, and the architects were trying to achieve this esthetic perfection. From the earliest times there were certain rules strictly observed in rectangular peripteral and prostyle buildings. The first buildings were built narrowly in order to hold the roof, and when the dimensions changed some mathematical relations became What is Apollon necessary in order to keep the original forms. This probably influenced the theory of numbers of Pythagoras, who believed that behind the appearance of things there was the permanent principle of mathematics. In Iliad, his priest prays to Apollo Smintheus, the mouse god who retains an older agricultural function as the protector from field rats.
After Heracles was struck with madness and killed his family, he sought to purify himself and consulted the oracle of Apollo. Apollo, through the Pythia, commanded him to serve king Eurystheus for twelve years and complete the ten tasks the king would give him. Finally, Apollo caused Achilles’ death by guiding an arrow shot by Paris into Achilles’ heel. In some versions, Apollo himself killed Achilles by taking the disguise of Paris.
T61.3 Apollo, Marsyas, Muses
The cult centers of Apollo in Greece, Delphi and Delos, date from the 8th century BCE. The Delos sanctuary was primarily dedicated to Artemis, Apollo’s twin sister. At Delphi, Apollo was venerated as the slayer of the monstrous serpent Python. For the Greeks, Apollo was the most Greek of all the gods, and through the centuries he acquired different functions.
Zeus considered Apollo’s words and agreed to let him live. But he metamorphosed Periphas into an eagle and made the eagle the king of birds. When Periphas’ wife requested Zeus to let her stay with her husband, Zeus turned her into a vulture and fulfilled her wish. The Trojan hero Hector (who, according to some, was the god’s own son by Hecuba) was favored by Apollo. When he got severely injured, Apollo healed him and encouraged him to take up his arms.
He pushed the Greeks back and destroyed many of the soldiers. He is described as «the rouser of armies» because he rallied the Trojan army when they were falling apart. During the war, the Greek king Agamemnon captured Chryseis, the daughter of Apollo’s priest Chryses, and refused to return her.
When Chloris married and had children, Apollo granted her son Nestor the years he had taken away from the Niobids. Admetus was the king of Pherae, who was known for his hospitality. When Apollo was https://cryptolisting.org/ exiled from Olympus for killing Python, he served as a herdsman under Admetus, who was then young and unmarried. Apollo is said to have shared a romantic relationship with Admetus during his stay.
They both united on the day the walls of Troy were built. She bore to Apollo a son, whom Apollo named Ileus, after the city of his birth, Ilion . Daphne was a nymph who scorned Apollo’s advances and ran away from him. When Apollo chased her in order to persuade her, she changed herself into a laurel tree.
It was a custom for boys to cut and dedicate their long hair to Apollo after reaching adulthood. Apollo held a grudge against Achilles throughout the war because Achilles had murdered his son Tenes before the war began and brutally assassinated his son Troilus in his own temple. Not only did Apollo save Hector from Achilles, he also tricked Achilles by disguising himself as a Trojan warrior and driving him away from the gates. He foiled Achilles’ attempt to mutilate Hector’s dead body. When Zeus allowed the other gods to get involved in the war, Apollo was provoked by Poseidon to a duel. However, Apollo declined to fight him, saying that he wouldn’t fight his uncle for the sake of mortals.
But in the next round, Apollo decided to play on his lyre and add his melodious voice to his performance. Marsyas argued against this, saying that Apollo would have an advantage and accused Apollo of cheating. Apollo then played his lyre and sang at the same time, mesmerising the audience.
After completing his years of servitude, Apollo went back to Olympus as a god. According to another version, when Leto was in Delphi, Python had attacked her. Euripides in his Iphigenia in Aulis gives an account of his fight with Python and the event’s aftermath. As Zeus’ favorite son, Apollo had direct access to the mind of Zeus and was willing to reveal this knowledge to humans.
T14.4 Apollo, Tityus, Leto
His domestic actions caused embarrassment to his family. Her father Oceanus sent one of his sons, Caanthus, to find her, but Caanthus could not take her back from Apollo, so he burned Apollo’s sanctuary. Thero, daughter of Phylas, a maiden as beautiful as the moonbeams, was loved by the radiant Apollo, and she loved him in return. By their union, she became mother of Chaeron, who was famed as «the tamer of horses».
Apollo guarded the cattle of Laomedon in the valleys of mount Ida, while Poseidon built the walls of Troy. Other versions make both Apollo and Poseidon the builders of the wall. In Ovid’s account, Apollo completes his task by playing his tunes on his lyre. As a child, Apollo is said to have built a foundation and an altar on Delos using the horns of the goats that his sister Artemis hunted.
- Aeneas was then taken to Pergamos, a sacred spot in Troy, where he was healed.
- During his stay in Troy, Apollo had a lover named Ourea, who was a nymph and daughter of Poseidon.
- Apollo Delphinios or Delphidios was a sea-god especially worshipped in Crete and in the islands.
- Hyginus relates, that four days after his birth, Apollo went to mount Parnassus, and there killed the dragon Python, who had pursued his mother during her wanderings, before she reached Delos.
- Ourea, a daughter of Poseidon, fell in love with Apollo when he and Poseidon were serving the Trojan king Laomedon.
Zeus didn’t agree and instead exiled his son from Olympus, and instructed him to get purified. After the servitude was over, as per his father’s order, he travelled to the Vale of Tempe to bath in waters of Peneus. There Zeus himself performed purificatory rites on Apollo.
Though saddened that the seer was fated to be doomed in the war, Apollo made Amphiaraus’ last hours glorious by «lighting his shield and his helm with starry gleam». When Hypseus tried to kill the hero by a spear, Apollo directed the spear towards the charioteer of Amphiaraus instead. Then Apollo himself replaced the charioteer and took the reins in his hands. He also killed many of the enemy warriors like Melaneus, Antiphus, Aetion, Polites and Lampus. At last when the moment of departure came, Apollo expressed his grief with tears in his eyes and bid farewell to Amphiaraus, who was soon engulfed by the Earth.
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Grannus was a healing spring god, later equated with Apollo. Apollo Atepomarus («the great horseman» or «possessing a great horse»). Horses were, in the Celtic world, closely linked to the sun.
T40.8 Apollo, Orestes, Erinyes
Apollo, who was passing by, caught them and carried them to two different cities in Chersonesus, Molpadia to Castabus and Parthenos to Bubastus. He turned them into goddesses and they both received divine honors. Molpadia’s name was changed to Hemithea upon her deification. Apollo would have been banished to Tartarus for this, but his mother Leto intervened, and reminding Zeus of their old love, pleaded him not to kill their son. Zeus obliged and sentenced Apollo to one year of hard labor once again under Admetus. Because Admetus had treated Apollo well, the god conferred great benefits on him in return.